Sowanna Yun , English and Thai Speaking Guide in Cambodia
A Short History Of The Khmer Ruling Kings In Angkor Empire
Ruler Dates The Reign
1. Jayavarman II c790 - 850 The founder of the Khmer Empire at mount Mahendra in the Kulen Mount. Later moved the capital to Hariharalaya.
2. Jayavarman III c 850 - 877 Built the laterite pyramid of Prei Monti and Trapeang Phong temple.
3. Indravarman I c 877 - 889 Succeeded probably by force. Built Bakong temple in sanstone, Preah Ko temple and Intratataka Baray = reservoir.
4. Yasovarman I c 889 - 915 Son of Indravarman I moved the capital city from Hariharalaya to Angkor ( Yasodharapura ). Built Lolei temple at Hariharalaya, then at Angkor built Phnom Bakheng temple, Prasat Bei temple, Thma Bay Kaek, Phnom Krom, Phnom Bok temples and East Baray = East reservoir.
5. Harshavarman I c 915 - 923 Succeeded to the throne very young: little known. Built Baksei Chamkrong temple and Kravan temple.
6. Isanavarman II c 923 - 928 Very little known about this short reign. No building known.
7. Jayavarman IV c 928 - 941 Revolted against his nephew Harshavarman II in 921: moved the capital to Koh Ker and built a hundred temples there.
8. Harshavarman II c 941 - 944 Successor at Koh Ker
9. Rajendravarman II c 944 - 968 Moved the city back to Angkor. Successful war against the Chams. Built East Mebon temple, Pre Rup temple, Bat Chum temple, Kutisvara temple and the beginning of Banteay Srei temple and added to others.
10. Jayavarman V c 968 - 1001 Succeeded to the throne as child, a peaceful reign. Built Takeo temple and continue to build Banteay Srei temple with his counsellors and added to others.
11. Udayadityavarman I c 1001 - 1002 A period of troubles and revolt.
12. Jayaviravarman c 1002 - 1010 Competes with Suryavarman I for the throne during a 9 - year struggle, but defeated. Built North Khleang temple and added to others.
13. Suryavarman I c 1002 - 1050 Tooke the throne by force, becoming undisputed ruler by 1010. Expanded the empire to the north and west. Built South Khleang, Phimeanakas temples, Royal palace in the Angkor Thom city, West Baray, Preah Vihear and Phnom Chiso temples and added to others.
14. Udayadityavarman II c 1050 - 1066 More revolts, Expanded the empire further west. Continued to build the West Baray from his father, built the Baphuon and west Mebon temples and added to others.
15. Harshavarman III c 1066 - 1080 Devastation from the previous reign`s troubles and a new war with Chams prevented new buildings.
16. Jayavarman VI c 1081 - 1107 First King from the Mahidharapura dynasty, his authority probably recognised only in the north.
17. Dharanindravarman I c 1107 - 1112 Younger brother of Jayavarman VI . Killed by Suryavarman II who disputed the throne.
18. Suryavarman II c 1113 - 1150 Ambitious, war-like and a great builder. Expanded the empire , fought the Dai Viet, Chams, Mons, and built Angkor Wat temple, Banteay Samre temple, Beng Mealea temple, Thommanon and Chau Say Tevoda temple and added to others in Thailand.
19. Yasovarman II c 1150 - 1165 Chosen to succeeded because the heir was fighting in Champa. Killed by a usurper. No new building but continued work at Chau Say Tevoda, Banteay Samre and Beng Mealea temples. Added tower to Bakong temple.
20. Tribhuvanadityavarman c 1165 - 1177 Usurper, killed during the 1177, Chams invasion and burned the Yasodharapura - Angkor.
21. Jayavarman VII c 1180 - 1220 Legitimate heir of Dharanindravarman II. Expelled the Cham army. The last great Khmer king, a fervent Buddhist and builder on the largest scale. Preah Khan Kampong Svay temple, Tonle Bati temple, Taprohm temple, Preah Khan temple, Neak Pean temple, Ta Som temple, Ta Nei temple, Prasat Chrung temples, Angkor Thom city, Elephant & Leper King Terraces, Krol Ko temple, Banteay Kdei temple, Banteay Thom temple, Banteay Prei temple, Preah Pithu group temple, Preah Palilay temple, Jayatataka Baray and added to others in Thailand nowadays.
22. Indravarman II c 1220 - 1243 Begginnings of the decline of the empire. Champa abandoned, Sukhothai independent. Built Prasat Suor Prat, 12 temples. Thai had started to create the kingdom.
23. Jayavarman VIII c 1243 - 1296 Empire continued to dimish; Lopburi having to submit to Kublai Khan. Shivaite resurgence. Built Mangalartha or Prasat Top temples along the way of victory gate of Angkor Thom and probably restored Preah Palilay temple. Mangalartha is probably the last temple in Angkor Empire.
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24. Srindravarman c 1296 - 1307 The reign and daily life described by Zhou Daguan, the visiting Chinese diplomat. Stopped to build the sandstone building, probably wooden building for holy places.
25. Srindrajayavarman c 1307 - 1327 Little known about the reign, I will try to find more documents to explain you.
26. Jayavarmandiparamesvara or Jayavarman Paramesvara c 1327 ? The last king mentioned in inscriptions.
- In 1328 onward , no inscriptions to tell us as well.
27. Paramathakemaraja c 1330 - 1353
28. Hou-eul Na c 1353 - 1371 ? ; Wooden building for holy places.
- No inscriptions tell us as well in 1371/2 - 1403
29. Samtac Chao Phaya & Phing Ya c 1404 - 1405
30. Nippean Bat c 1405 - 1409
31. Lampong or Lampang Paramaja c 1409 - 1416
32. Sorijovong or Lambang c 1416 - 1425
33. Barom Racha c 1425 - 1429
34. Thommo Soccorach or Dharmasoka c 1429 - 1431
The Last King Of Angkor Empire ; Ponha Yat or Gam Yat in c 1432, he decided to move his court to Tuol Basan, in the province of Kampong Cham at the present day, on the eastern side of the Mekong river just above the forks. After remaining there only a year, he moved his capital again in c 1434, this time to Krong Chatomuka ( four faces ) at the junction of the Tonle Mekong river.
Phnom Penh city by King Ponha Yat in c 1433/4
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